What Size Generator For 150 Amp Service?
A 150 amp service panel is essential for homes with multiple large electric devices. That’s why you will see the 150 Amp service panels in many older and newer homes. It has enough electricity to run a whole-house room heater, multiple air conditioners, a large refrigerator, and other small appliances at home. So, this service panel offers you brilliant flexibility to use different home appliances.
However, you need to back up the 150 Amp service panel with the right generator during load shedding. So, what size generator for 150 Amp service panel is suitable? This is a critical consideration when deciding to get a residential generator.
According to electricians, generator mechanics, and industry experts, a 15KW to 20KW generator will be perfect for a 150 Amp service panel. It will accommodate electricity for all the home appliances that run with the service panel.
When buying a 150 Amp panel generator, you have to count the load requirement of your home and the generator’s capacity. So, we will discuss it in the article.
What Is A 150 Amp Service Panel Used For?
A 150 Amp service panel refers to the current you have at your disposal. The Amp rating of the service panel suggests how many devices it can power up. In our homes, we have various home appliances. It includes a refrigerator, chest freezer, air conditioners, room heaters, microwave oven, fans, etc.
Each home appliance has a fixed Amp rating that needs to run appropriately. So, the 150 Amp service pane; denotes that it can accommodate many devices. However, the amp rating of all these home appliances must not exceed 150 when summed up together.
If your home has larger appliances and their summation of the amp rating crosses 150, you will need to shift to large service panels.
Usually, a 150 Amp service panel is useful to run two to three air conditioners, one large refrigerator, one to two room heaters, a microwave oven, a dishwasher, and all the lights and fans. So, it is ideal for small to medium homes with a few large machines.
As it is made for handling many large home appliances, you need to get a large generator for it. Or else, the generator will fail to provide enough power to the service panel during power cuts. As a result, your home appliances will stand still due to a power shortage.
How much electricity for a 150 amp panel?
First, when you purchase a generator for the 150 Amp service panel, ensure its load capacity. It brings us to the importance of knowing the electricity capacity of a 150 Amp panel. This calculation is pretty simple because you have to multiply the Amp rating with the voltage.
So, first, find out the voltage of your electrical line. Usually, American homes will have 120V and 220V lines. It means you must multiply this voltage rating with the amp to find how much electricity the service panel uses.
For instance, the wattage capacity of the 150 Amp panel will be 18000W for a 120V line. And for the 220V cable, it will be 33000W. However, every service panel will have a 10% to 20% loss of electricity as it never runs at total capacity.
So, in real life, a home with a 150 Amp service panel will run from 15000W to 25000W in most cases. You can use these statistics to purchase the correct size generator quickly.
What Size Generator For 150 Amp Service Panel Is Suitable?
We know now the possible electricity uses of a 150 Amp service panel. So, it’s time we find out which generator size will suit it. It is a simple task once you have calculated the electricity requirement for all the devices. Alternatively, you can count the load requirement of all the instruments individually and sum it up for the generator size.
A 15KW to 20KW generator will be perfect for running a 150 Amp service panel. Sometimes, even a 12KW generator can run a 150 amp rated service panel. It happens because, in most homes, a large portion of the amp-rating of the service panel will be unused. So, to know the exact generator size for the board, you must know the load requirement of your home.
Know About The Loads Of Your House
When you know the load necessity of all the home appliances in your residence, you can quickly calculate the generator size. Conversely, with the known Amp rating of the service panel, you will precisely know how many devices you can run with it.
For instance, a 150 Amp service panel is ideal for refrigerators, air conditioners, chest freezers, electric stoves, etc., and large appliances. So, it will be suitable for a standard home in America. So, you can confidently choose it for 1000 to 2000 square feet of space.
But, the service with a 60 amp will not provide sufficient power to use an electric stove, water heater, and hairdryer together. Take a look at the house’s electrical supply system’s key components to know the electrical service’s size.
The system includes the wire, the meter, the conduit, the main breaker, and the panel. These things are to make out which has the lowest rating of its amperage. Its rating is the overall electric service rating of your house.
Calculating The Power Requirements
At first, make a list of what you’re planning to power up with the backup generator. It may vary broadly, depending on the type of stuff you operate. As a result, avoid making the glossing mistake over its step very quickly.
For instance, you may not need to run an air conditioner during winter. Instead, you will require an electric furnace or room heater. So, you must be selective while calculating the load requirement of your home. Not to mention, you must also be cautious not to exclude any appliances that you will use frequently.
Apart from the residential space, 150 Amp service panel is also seen in shops, restaurants, and small offices. So, you must calculate their load capacity to use the right generator there.
Power For A Retail Establishment
You may need to power up a few or all of the payment terminals, including lights, mission-critical data servers, and security systems.
Power For An Office Building
You can power up-lighting with telecommunications, security, and other essential systems. These things will allow the users to evacuate the premises safely.
Power For A Restaurant/ Food Establishment
It would help to consider many things when getting a restaurant or food establishment backup generator. These include HVAC systems, refrigeration, and other appliances that need power to avoid food spoiling.
Power For A Healthcare Facility/Clinic
When you think about any healthcare or clinic power supply system, you must pay serious attention to systems that save lives. They require an uninterruptible power system to operate the machines for dialysis and breathing.
However, 150 Amp service panels aren’t suitable for clinics or healthcare facilities as these spaces use high-electricity machines. You will need at least a 300 Amp to 400 Amp service panel to run the clinic’s ICU, CCU, or operation theatre. It is critical for its safety and functioning of it.
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Before concluding our discussion on what size generator for 150 amp service panel is ideal, we must suggest a few safety tips. A commercial or residential generator has multiple sections. These include single/three-phase power, total power output, and voltage selection.
So, ensure that your selected generator has the proper safety features. It will protect the devices and the service panel from electrical damage. Also, it is important for the safety of your home.